Transcultural Concepts in Nursing Care



experience gave her a profound understanding of spiritual and religious healing, which too were the impetus to pursue additional education in trans cultural nursing. As a mentee of Dr. Leininger’s theoretical foundations and exploration in trans cultural nursing, a committed PhD and student of Dr. Boyle, followed by faculty leadership and Deanship roles at the University of Michigan, Flint, and the Transcultural Nursing Society, she exemplified a national and international com mitment to developing cultural competence for persons of diverse cultures and nursing’s profes sional transcultural capabilities. As an educator, Dr. Andrews focused on the workforce of nurses, preparing students, faculty, clinicians, and admin istrators to be thoroughly educated and clinically prepared to deliver high quality, accessible, theo retical, and evidence-based transcultural care to people of diverse backgrounds around the world. She was a great mentor and support to Drs. Marilyn McFarland and Hiba Wehbe-Alamah on her faculty, who continued the publication of Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing book after Leininger’s death in 2012. Dr. Andrews had a par ticular interest in the academic success of students from diverse and traditionally underrepresented populations. Her scholarly work addresses those issues as Editor of the Online Journal of Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare ( http:// ) and in other publications and presentations. Her publications not only point to the scholarship presented in this book but also the development of a core curriculum for trans cultural nursing that highlights the provision of culturally competent care based upon knowledge and skill of understanding cultural illness and health across the lifespan. Dr. Andrews is now retired from her illustrious career as Dean of the School of Nursing at the University of Michigan, Flint, where she led faculty and students to be successful in transcultural nursing academics, research, administration, and practice, fulfilling the mission of Dr. Leininger, that “…the profes sional nurse scientist and humanist is to discover, know, and creatively use culturally based care knowledge with its fullest meanings, expressions, The chapters in this ninth edition address the historical and current trends in transcultural knowledge for national and international com munities, innovative approaches in primary and preventive care, organizational cultures, inter professional care, and immigrant and refugee care with a focus on public health and policy. As men tioned, a most essential element of this book is the Andrews/Boyle Transcultural Interprofessional Practice (TIP) Model, a transcultural nursing/ healthcare theory and model that speaks to the need for a conceptual framework to guide trans cultural nursing education, research, administra tion, and practice. I recently was present at the International Council of Nurses (ICN) Congress in Montreal, Canada, attended by almost 7,000 nurses. It focused on leadership in nursing, the workforce, and the ongoing global nurse short age, advanced practice nursing and primary care, digital technology, strengthening health systems, communicable diseases and international health, nursing policy and global health. Although it was international, in my view what was missing from a theoretical perspective were transcultural nursing and caring paradigms, which would have synthesized important concepts for the interna tional practice of nursing. Although falling short of transcultural nursing theories, the Congress helped me realize once more the creativity of Madeleine Leininger and what an effective men tor she was. The motto articulated at the outset of the initiation of the Transcultural Nursing Society that “the cultural needs of people in the world would be met by nurses prepared in transcul tural nursing” sparked deep thoughts within me at this latest 2023 international conference of the need to continue to create and publish transcul tural nursing theory, which is more critical than ever. The authors’ theory and TIP Model illumi nate transcultural communication, teamwork, collaboration, and culturally competent skills. As an interprofessional and person-centered theory, Copyright © 2023 Wolters Kluwer, Inc. Unauthorized reproduction of the content is prohibited. symbols, and functions for healing, and to pro mote or maintain well-being (or health) with peo ple of diverse cultures in the world” (Leininger, 1991, p. 73).

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